Statsret, folkeret og menneskerettigheder

The Meaning of a Fair Trial: A Comparative Study of Jurisprudence of the American Federal Courts and the European Court of Human Rights

Kacper Zajac

Aarhus University, Department of Law

Mail: kacperzajac@law.au.dk

Tel.:  

Web: http://pure.au.dk/portal/en/kacperzajac@law.au.dk

Starting date: 1 September 2019

Completion date:  31 August 2022

Project description:
A comparative study of the rights of the accused in the criminal trial under the 5th and 6th Amendments to the US Constitution and Article 6 and Article 4 of Protocol 7 of the European Convention on Human Rights to determine their exact scope in relation to one another.


Legal Parenthood in International Surrogacy - A Comparative Study of Modern Family Law

Maria Hjeds

Department of Law, Aalborg University

Mail: mahj@law.aau.dk  

Tel.: +45 20463270

Web: 

Starting date: 15.12.2018

Completion date: 15.12.2021

Project description:

The aim and purpose of the thesis is to examine the regulation of legal parenthood of children who are born through surrogacy. The thesis will have its outset in Danish law, but will consist of a comparative analysis as well. The overall question is which considerations (and to whom) weigh heavily in the decision to grant or deny legal parenthood to the intending parents of a child born through international surrogacy. The safeguarding of human rights and in particular the right to family life and the best interests of the child will be discussed and interpreted as well. 


Terrorforsæt - i retsdogmatisk belysning

Nanna Grønning-Madsen

Juridisk Institut, Syddansk Universitet

Mail:  ngra@sam.sdu.dk  

Tlf.:   +45 65 50 36 69/24 60 43 80

Web:  http://findresearcher.sdu.dk:8080/portal/da/person/ngra 

Startdato: 01.08.2018

Slutdato:  31.07.2021

Projektbeskrivelse:
Ph.d.-afhandlingen omhandler det kvalificerede terrorforsæt i straffelovens § 114. I afhandlingen vil jeg undersøge og klarlægge indholdet og rækkevidden af terrorforsættet i dansk ret, dvs. navnlig straffelovens § 114 og §§ 114b-e. Jeg vil i undersøgelsen heraf primært analysere danske terrordomme samt foretage en komparativ analyse med retspraksis fra Norge og Sverige. Den danske terrorlovgivning er udarbejdet på grundlag af instrumenter fra bl.a. EU og FN, hvorfor afhandlingen også vil inddrage internationale retskilder. I afhandlingen vil der i den forbindelse blive undersøgt, hvordan de danske domstole forholder sig til internationale problemstillinger vedrørende terrorisme, herunder eksempelvis diskussionen om at være frihedskæmper eller terrorist. Endelig vil jeg i afhandlingen berøre emnet omkring legalitetsprincippet i strl. § 1 i forbindelse med udformningen af straffelovens terrorbestemmelser.


Clarifying 'Loss and Damage': Scope, Implications, and Implementation Beyond Paris

Linnéa Nordlander

CILCC, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen

Mail: linnea.nordlander@jur.ku.dk 

Tel.:  +45 35 33 61 29

Web: 

Starting date: 01.01.2018

Completion date: 31.12.2020

Project description:

The PhD project aims to answer two research questions: “What are the legal implications of the new ‘loss and damage’ provision of the Paris Agreement? How can the implementation of the loss and damage provision deliver solutions for the most vulnerable countries?". In so doing, the project examines the conditions which have to be met in order for a climate change impact to be considered a loss and damage impact. In examining the potential for implementation, the project looks into the inter-relationship between loss and damage and other areas of international law and assesses available implementation options.


Taking Rights of Nature and Human Rights Seriously

Katarina Hovden

Centre for European and Comparative Legal Studies (CECS), Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen

Mail: katarina.hovden@jur.ku.dk  

Tel.:  + 45 42 72 62 91 

Web: https://jura.ku.dk/english/staff/research/?pure=en/persons/604967  

Starting date: 1 September 2017

Completion date:  31 August 2021

Project description:
Rights of nature are gaining traction. Several countries have adopted rights of nature laws (at constitutional, national, and local level) or recognised the rights of nature in court judgments. These laws and legal sources inter alia recognise that nature is a subject of the law, and, in certain cases, grant specific legal rights to nature. Born out of an Earth-centred or ecological paradigm, rights of nature (laws) present a fundamental challenge to the otherwise anthropocentric or human-centric system of law and governance.
Set against these developments, the PhD project studies the relationship(s) between the rights of nature and human rights in jurisdictions that recognise both categories of right-holders. Mindful that most legal and governance systems remain anthropocentric, individualistic and mechanistic in their very structure, the project will investigate what happens at the interface between the old paradigm (most existing individual human rights) and the new, ecological paradigm (the rights of nature). Questions to be explored include> When rights conflict (as they often do), whose rights prevail and under what circumstances? Is there a risk that the prevailing (anthropocentric) legal order will subsume and swallow the ecological one, rendering the rights of nature “mere rhetoric”? If so, what would it take for the ecological paradigm to penetrate the anthropocentric machinery of law?


Menneskerettigheder i kommunerne

Peter Kristian Hjaltason

Københavns Universitet, Det Juridiske Fakultet og Institut for Menneskerettigheder

Mail: peter.kristian.hjaltason@jur.ku.dk   

Tlf.:  +45 35 33 09 50

Web: http://jura.ku.dk/ansatte/forskningsomraadet/?pure=da/persons/435668   

Startdato: 01.10.2017

Slutdato:  30.09.2020

Projektbeskrivelse:

Projektet undersøger, hvordan de danske kommuner arbejder inden for en menneskeretlig tænkning og diskurs. Det har særligt fokus på børneområdet, herunder bl.a. reglerne om tvangsadoption og videreført anbringelse mv. Undersøgelsen vil både bestå af en retsdogmatisk analyse og en retssociologisk undersøgelse. 


Excessive Pharmaceutical prices as an anti-competitive practice in TRIPS & European Competition Law

Behrang Kianzad

University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Law, CeBIL, Center for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law

Mail: behrang.kianzad@jur.ku.dk  

Tel.: +45 35 33 39 07

Web: http://jura.ku.dk/english/staff/research/?pure=en/persons/604260 

Starting date: 1 September 2017

Completion date:  31 August 2020

Project description:

An investigation of the triangular dilemma of strong Intellectual Property protection, contra high prices of medicines as result of the global Intellectual Property regime and finally the legal-economic rationales and discourses underlying Intellectual Property Law / competition law / intervention. The aim is to establish what constitutes anti-competitive practices such as excessive prices in TRIPS & EU Competition Law, by making the case for the excessiveness of prices as an anti-competitive practice in and out of themselves from a legal-economic / competition law perspective.


The human rights accountability of non-state armed groups

Lauren Neumann

Aarhus University, Department of Law

Mail:  lneumann@law.au.dk

Tel.:   +45 87 16 51 24

Web:  pure.au.dk/portal/en/lneumann@law.au.dk

Starting date: 

Completion date: August 2020

Project description:

The project examines whether and how non-state armed groups can be held accountable for human rights obligations under international law. It considers the flexibility of international law in regulating the behaviour of non-state actors, during an armed conflict and beyond. It also examines the relationship between accountability mechanisms under international law, and 'other' mechanisms outside the established system.