Excessive Pharmaceutical prices as an anti-competitive practice in TRIPS & European Competition Law

Behrang Kianzad

University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Law, CeBIL, Center for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law  

  +45 35 33 39 07 

Starting date: 1 September 2017

Completion date:  31 August 2020


An investigation of the triangular dilemma of strong Intellectual Property protection, contra high prices of medicines as result of the global Intellectual Property regime and finally the legal-economic rationales and discourses underlying Intellectual Property Law / competition law / intervention. The aim is to establish what constitutes anti-competitive practices such as excessive prices in TRIPS & EU Competition Law, by making the case for the excessiveness of prices as an anti-competitive practice in and out of themselves from a legal-economic / competition law perspective.

Tilbudskonsortier - konkurrencebegrænsende aftaler eller værdiskabende samarbejder

Heidi Sander Løjmand

University of Southern Denmark 

 +45 51 94 00 56


Starting date: 1 February 2017

Completion date:  


In the light of the Danish Competition Act and TFEU art. 101, the project examines the legality of joint bidding (consortium bids). The project entails both legal and economic analysis to shed light on the consequences of the current state of law including the legal uncertainty of the assessment of whether companies are competitors. In addition, the project seeks to provide a legal political discussion on how joint bidding could/should be regulated to create social value.

Reconciling the Right to Privacy with Freedom of Expression

Anja Møller Pedersen

University of Copenhagen and Danish Institute for Human Rights   

 +45 22 98 86 15 

Starting date: 1 April 2016

Completion date:  31 March 2019


In C-131/12, Google Spain, an ordinary Spanish citizen requested that Google removed or concealed on the list of results from a search based on his name certain information about him lawfully published in a newspaper several years earlier. The European Court of Justice pronounced that the rights to privacy and data protection in Art. 7 and 8 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights as ’rule’ override not only the economic interest of the search engine in processing the data, but also the interest of the general public in having access to it, unless a ’preponderant’ public interest is demonstrated. It thereby indicated that these rights are superior to that of freedom of expression in Art. 11, not only violating the strong interdependency between the rights according to international human rights law, but also consistent case law from the European Court of Human Rights.

Against this background and with a view to explore and understand the interrelation between the rights, the project seeks to tease out the underlying rationales behind the rights to privacy, data protection and freedom of expression and explore how they are reflected in EU legislation and case law, and determine the criteria behind each of them. These analyses will then serve as a foundation for exploring how the rights may be reconciled, and which of the identified rationales and criteria may determine the outcome in cases of conflict between them.

The PhD project is co-funded by University of Copenhagen, Centre for Information and Innovation Law (CIIR) and Danish Institute for Human Rights.

De retlige begrænsninger for digital overvågning

Tanja Kammersgaard Christensen

Aalborg Universitet 



Startdato: 01.02.2016

Slutdato:  31.01.2019


Ingen (se evt. )

Europæiske passagerers rettigheder

Marianne Hundahl Frandsen

Aalborg Universitet

Startdato: 01.08.2015

Slutdato: 31.07.2018

Projekt beskrivelse:

Afhandlingen har til formål at analysere europæiske passagerers rettigheder på de fire regulerede transportområder, og vurdere hvorvidt disse rettigheder kan udtrykkes i principper i overensstemmelse med EU’s øvrige grundlæggende principper.